miércoles, 18 de febrero de 2015

3,500 year-old bronze artefacts inside upturned pot found in south-east Poland

A ceramic vessel containing 3,500 year old bronze artefacts was recently discovered at Rzepedź in the Bieszczady Mountains (south-east Poland) after a walker noticed an ice axe sticking out of the ground.
After returning home, Łukasz Solon contacted the Sanok museum. Archaeologists then returned to the find spot and discovered a hoard, consisting of the ice axe along with jewellery fragments which were concealed in a clay jug with a diameter of 25 cm, turned upside down in a pit.
“All the objects are made of bronze. The treasure contains a pickaxe, dozens of fragments of a spiral necklace and a bracelet ” – said Piotr Kotowicz, an archaeologist at the Historical Museum in Sanok.
“For me, as an archaeologist it is very important that after finding one object the discoverer did not explore the place further himself, but reported the discovery and waited for specialists. This approach is commendable, and from the point of view of archaeology, it means preserving a lot of information that would otherwise be unrecoverable” – said Kotowicz
According to Kotowicz, the discovered objects were likely to have originated from south of the Carpathians. “The treasure is probably related to the communication route, which ran from the nearby Łupków Pass through the Osława and San valleys“.
The bronze artefacts from Rzepedź have been preliminarily dated to approx. 1500 BC. “We do not yet know who and why they had hidden the treasure so carefully. The axe and jewellery are most likely related to the Piliny culture, who then existed to the south of the Carpathians” – noted Kotowicz.
In the 1990s in Trzcinica near Jasło, approx. 30-40 km from Rzepedź, archaeologists discovered Poland’s oldest fortified settlements dating back more than four thousand years, with strong Transcarpathian influence. Later, between 1650 and 1350 BC, the area was inhabited by the Transcarpathian Otomani-Füzesabony culture.
A survey is now being undertaken by the local conservation office in Krosno, which is a prelude to broader research. It will hopefully determine whether the discovery is isolated, or had been buried within a settlement from that period.

Source: Past Horizons: http://www.pasthorizonspr.com/index.php/archives/02/2015/3500-year-old-bronze-artefacts-inside-upturned-pot-found-in-south-east-poland